Top Civil Engineering Interview Questions | CivilRead

Civil Engineering Interview Questions:-
Hi Civil Engineer, you are on this page because you are attending an interview tomorrow or preparing yourself to face an interview. Well, I am posting the Top interview questions asked by top recruiters from Top MNCs to small construction companies. To gather this questions, I have referred top websites and asked my friends regarding this and gathered these questions. While some of them are easy and some of them are very hard still I am trying to crack those questions as a part of 1st step I am posting 31 questions.

Civil Engineering Interview Questions



As most of my readers asked me to post interview questions. From now, I ‘ll post 31 interview questions every week. Remember, I ll give an answer for thirty questions the last question should be answered by you. Add your answer in comments :). Civil Top Engineering Interview Questions   

Q1. What is the Unit Weight of concrete?
A:-  The unit weight of concrete depends on the type of aggregates and amount of voids. As per IS : 456-200 Unit weight of PCC is 24KN/m3 and RCC is 25KN/m3

Q2. What is the unit weight of Steel?
A.   The unit weight of Steel is 78.5KN/m3


Q3. What are the Nominal Concrete Mix proportions for different grades:
A.    Important: M20-1:1.5:3, M7.5- 1:4:8,
        Less imp: M5- 1:5:10 , M25- 1:1:2, M30-1:1:3 (Cement:Sand:aggregate)


Q4. What is ductility?
A.   Ductility is the Ability to deform under tensile stress.


Q5. How to find the weight of steel bar used in reinforcement?
A.   Weight of Bar in kg/m = Dsquare/162.2   D- Dia of bar in mm

Q6. What’s the difference between one-way slab and two-way slab?
A.   One way slab: Ratio of Longer Span / Shorter span > 2
       Two way slab: Ratio of Longer span/ shorter span <= 2

Q7. What is flat slab?
A.   The slab which is supported on columns (Flab slab don’t have beams)


Q8. What do you mean by One storeyed, Two storeyed building?
A.   The building which has two floors is called two storeyed building.


Q9. What’s the height of each floor?
A.   3m

Q10. What’s the length of rise and tread in Stair case?
A.     Rise – 150mm to 200mm, Tread – 250mm to 300mm


Q11. What’s the slope of Staircase?
A.     As per IS 456, the slope or pitch of stair should be between 25 degrees to 40 degrees.


Q12. What do you mean by the moment of inertia?
A.      A quantity expressing a body’s tendency to resist angular acceleration, which is the sum of the products of the mass of each particle in the body with the square of its distance from the axis of rotation.

Q13. What is a crank length in the slab?
A.     The crank length in Slab is 0.42 D. Where D is Depth of Slab- Top cover – Bottom Cover. 


Q14. What are the types of a slump?
A. True Slump: The concrete mass after the test when slumps evenly all around without disintegration is called the true slump.
Shear Slump: When one-half of the concrete mass slide down the other is called the shear slump. This type of slump is obtained in a lean concrete mix.
Collapse Slump: When the sample is collapsed due to adding excessive water, it is known as collapse slump.
Zero Slump:  For very stiff or dry mixes it does not show any changes of the slump after removing the slump cone.

Q15. What is honeycomb in concrete? How is it formed? How to eradicate honey comb in concrete?
Learn about Honeycomb concrete – ClickHere


Q16. What is grouting?
A.     Grout is a fluid form of concrete which is used to fill the voids.


Q17. What is allowable moisture content in Fine aggregate for the concrete mix?
A.     We won’t use the aggregate if its moisture content is more than 5%.


Q18. What do you mean by segregation?
A.     Segregation is a separation of cement, sand from aggregate. This is caused due to Water cement ratio and  when concrete is poured about more than 1.5m


Q19. What is Seepage?
A.      Slow percolation of water through soil is called Seepage.


Q20. What is the Compressive Strength of brick?
A.      Second class brick-70kg/cm2
          First class brick-105kg/cm2
          Fire brick-125kg/cm2


Q21. How do you check the quality of cement on the site?

A.     1. Date of Mfg: Cement strength decreases with its age.
         2. Color: Colour should be grey with light greenish shade and it should be uniform. Color gives an indication of excess lime or clay.
         3. Float test: A good cement won’t float if you throw a cement in water.
         4. When you put your hand in cement bag you should feel cool.

Q22. 1BHK full form : 1 Bedroom, 1 Hall, 1kitchen

Q23. What are the Different types of Slabs?
A.      There are 16+ different types of slabs – Click Here


Q24. What is Initial & final setting time of concrete?
A.     Intial Setting time : 30mins, Final setting time : 10hrs


Q25. What is durability?
A.     Ability to withstand under pressure is called Durability.


Q26. What are the concrete tests?
A.     Slump test, Compressive strength test, water permeability test, Water absorption test 


Q27. What is bleeding in concrete?
A.     Bleeding is one form of segregation, where water comes out to the surface of the concrete,   being lowest specific gravity among all the ingredients of concrete.


Q28. What is the name of the machine to get compression test?
A.     Universal testing machine (UTM)

Q29. When we go for Pile foundation?
A.     Pile foundation is adopted when the Soil bearing capacity is less than  24KN/M3 Click Here to learn more

Q30. What is the function of stirrups in the column?
Stirrups are provided to handle the shear force and to hold the rebars (main bars) in position.


Q31. 1 feet= ………?m, 1Yard = ………? Ft, 1 Metre = ………? inch, 1Sq.Yd=………? Ft

As mentioned above, this question is for you guys solve the question and add them in comments :). Don’t forget to add your answer in comments. By the way, don’t search for this answer in google 🙁 Civil Engineering Interview Questions


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You can also read:-

How much quantity of water required for different grades of concrete

Different types of Columns in construction

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