Types of symbols used in Surveying Maps, Planning, Road & Railway maps

Conventional signs and symbols used in maps:-

In a map or drawings or plans or in land surveying, the objects or an area is depicted by symbols not by names. As a civil engineer, you must know how to read the drawings, maps and plans. This post will be a key for you to read maps.

In this article,  we are going to show you different types of symbols used in topographic land surveys, road maps, railway maps, surveying maps, building plans, Electrical and telephonic lines. You can use search option on table to find out the specific symbol of your entry.

signs and symbols used in maps

Different types of Symbols used in Building plans :-

The below mentioned symbols are objects which we generally use in autocad drawings of building plans. Its the basic symbols which every civil engineer must remember.

North Line
is the direction along Earth's surface towards the geographic North Pole
north line in map
Western Water Closet [WC]
which is also called as Wester Commode
western water closet
Indian Water Closet [WC]indian water closet
This symbol is usually used to represent outer wall which has a thickness of 9"
wall thickness 9"
Partition wall
Which is usually used in representing wall of partitioning. It has a thickness of 4" or 6"
partition wall thickness 4.5"
Wire fencing
The fencing around the building is done by wire.
Pipe fencing symbol
Pipe Fencing
The fencing around the building is done by metallic pipes.
Pipe fencing logo
Boundary LineBoundary line symbol

Different types of Signs and Symbols used in Surveying maps :-

The below mentioned objects are Land surveying map symbols which we usually see in surveying maps (example plot map in a city).

Bench Mark

which is used as reference point or called as permanent point this is usually marked with respect to known elevation (Mean Sea Level)
benchmark symbol
Lake or Pondlake or pond
Riverriver symbol
Building (Pukka)building katcha symbol
Hutshuts symbol
Masjidmasjid logo
Churchchurch symbol
TreeJungle or trees symbol
Orchardorchard symbol
Tube welltubewell symbol

Different types of Symbols used in Road or Railway maps :-

These are the symbols which we use in depicting road survey or maps.

Metalled Road
Roads which are made of bitumen of coal or cement concrete
metalled road symbol
Un-Metalled Road
Roads which are laid using sand
Un metalled road symbol
Road Bridgeroad bridge symbol
FootpathFootpath symbol
Railway line (Single)Railway line single symbol
Railway line (double)Railway line double symbol
Railway bridgerailway bridge symbol
Level Crossinglevel crossing symbol
Main stations or triangulation stations in chain surveymain station symbol
Traverse stations or sub stations in chain surveyingsubstations or triangulation stations symbol
Electric postElectric post symbol
Electric lineelectric line symbol
Telegraphic Linetelegraphic line symbol
Telegraphic posttelegraphic post  symbol

You can also download above mentioned objects in below attached CAD file in .dwg format.




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